I’d like to inform about Linguistic Heredity and Language Contact

The status of Armenian in the Indo-European category of languages stays obscure. Few fact is particular, and people conclusions which may have an atmosphere of certainty about them in many cases are of an extremely basic nature. The truth that some propose Armenia to function as the homeland associated with the original speakers of Proto-Indo-European would lead anyone to hope that Armenian represents the language of the speakers whom would not migrate into other areas, but unfortunately this seems unlikely. Many flirtwith suppose the speakers of Armenian to own arrived at the region through the west, supplanting the culture that is urartuan encountered. The Armenian language appears to have withstood a few changes amongst the period of arrival to the transcaucasian region plus the invention associated with alphabet within the fifth century A.D., but unfortuitously documentary proof for the language in those times is lacking. Because of the time the language is recorded, approximately forty per cent for the lexicon contained borrowings off their languages, the phonological system had changed to resemble a few popular features of the Caucasian languages, additionally the morphological system had developed aswell, though less drastically than the lexicon and phonological system. The alterations in consonants from Proto-Indo-European to Armenian are typified because of the after:

In addition, there clearly was a strong stress on the Proto-Armenian penultimate syllable, which resulted in the increased loss of any final vowel, and caused /i/ and /u/ in order to get to be the schwa in unaccented syllables.

Scholars generally think Greek, Iranian, and Phrygian to have had the most linguistic influence on Armenian. The particular nature of Phrygian impact, nonetheless, is available to debate that is much of this language’s scanty attestation. The impact regarding the remaining languages appears to possess been mainly in the shape of borrowings. Numerous regards to a nature that is ecclesiastical adopted from Greek, in addition to from Syriac, the language which formed the medium of this liturgy in Armenia for a long time. But definitely the best quantity of borrowings result from Iranian. Some borrowings date back once again to the period that is achaemenidca. 550-330 B.C.), but Armenian felt the biggest impact in the Arsacid duration (ca. 53-428 A.D.). The loans may be traced towards the north-eastern dialect by the current presence of linguistic characteristics including the presence of /rd/ rather than /l/ ( ag e.g. Supply. vard ‘rose’ when compared with MPers. gul ‘flower’), and /z/ in place of /d/ ( ag e.g. Supply. yazem ‘I adore’ in comparison to MPers. yad-).


The oldest documents in Armenian, dating back to to the innovation for the alphabet within the 5th century A.D., are of a primarily ecclesiastic nature. Presumably the Bible had been the very first text to be translated, accompanied by a great many other Greek and Syriac texts. Secular product, too, ended up being translated, including many functions by Aristotle and Neoplatonists such as for example Prophyry, Probus, and Diodorus. There clearly was also a translation that is armenian of grammatical treatise of Dionysius Thrax. Some works have actually survived only through their Armenian translations, like the Commentaries on the Benediction of Moses by Hippolytus, the part that is first of Chronicle of Eusebius, plus the Romance of Alexander the Great by Pseudo-Callisthenes. Quickly indigenous texts had been composed, chiefly on historic and religious issues, including the reputation for the Conversion of Armenia by Gregory the Illuminator, by AgatКїangelos , a biography of MaЕЎtocКї by Koriwn , and resistant to the Sects, by Eznik of KoЕ‚b .

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